Is 4 Hours of Sleep Enough? Health Effects of Sleeping 4 Hours

For this reason, your liver is particularly vulnerable to damage by alcohol intake (3). Ethanol, the active ingredient in alcoholic drinks, is generally referred to as “alcohol.” It can have powerful effects on your mental state. Some people drink small amounts at a time, while others tend to binge drink. On the one hand, moderate amounts have been linked to health benefits.

The alcohol also impairs the cells in your nervous system, making you feel lightheaded and adversely affecting your reaction time and co-ordination. The good news is that within a year of stopping drinking, most cognitive damage can be reversed or improved. Binge drinking is a form of alcohol abuse and can cause harm. Red wine may be one of the healthiest alcoholic beverages, probably due to its high concentration of antioxidants. Alcohol consumption can lead to alcohol dependence, or alcoholism, in predisposed individuals. Drinking alcohol may increase your risk of certain cancers, especially mouth and throat cancer.


A couple of glasses of wine can quickly add up to a lot more than you intended to drink. It’s now thought that the evidence on a protective effect from moderate drinking is less strong than previously thought. Long-term alcohol misuse can weaken your immune system, making you more vulnerable to serious infections. It can also weaken your bones, placing you at greater risk of fracturing or breaking them. Your liver, which filters alcohol out of your body, will be unable to remove all of the alcohol overnight, so it’s likely you’ll wake with a hangover.

effects of alcohol on the body

Alcohol is produced by the fermentation of sugar, yeast, and starches. The alcohol in beverages such as wine, beer, and liquor is ethyl alcohol (ethanol). It is a central nervous suppressant and is known to affect every organ in the body.

Prenatal Alcohol Exposure

For many people, the possible benefits don’t outweigh the risks and avoiding alcohol is the best course. Moderate drinking is considered two drinks a day or less for men and one drink or less for women, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Binge drinking, according to effects of alcohol on the body the same source, is quantified as five or more drinks on an occasion (lasting two to three hours) for men and four or more drinks on occasion for women. Excessive alcohol consumption can leave you feeling less than ideal for a long time, with brutal hangovers often accompanying a fun night out.

  • Intoxication impairs judgment and can result in inappropriate and illegal behaviors such as sexual promiscuity, disorderly conduct, driving while intoxicated and acts of violence.
  • Food slows the rate at which alcohol is absorbed into your bloodstream.
  • The alcohol in beverages such as wine, beer, and liquor is ethyl alcohol (ethanol).
  • There’s been an uptick in non-alcoholic drink options, as more and more companies are creating alternatives.
  • Other ways to get help include talking with a mental health professional or seeking help from a support group such as Alcoholics Anonymous or a similar type of self-help group.

Women also tend to weigh less than men, so drink for drink, there is more alcohol in a woman’s bloodstream. Drink for drink, women accumulate more alcohol in their bloodstreams than men do. This is because women’s bodies process alcohol differently than men’s bodies do. Women have lower levels of the stomach enzyme that neutralizes alcohol before it moves into the bloodstream.

Body weight

Thirty days of being alcohol-free can drastically improve brain function and your overall mood. Just like drinking can cause inflammation in the liver, it can also cause inflammation of the stomach lining. Alcohol withdrawal management – appropriate processes for the management of alcohol withdrawal.

  • Excessive drinking includes binge drinking, heavy drinking, and any drinking by pregnant women or people younger than age 21.
  • Childhood trauma, mental health issues, and stress can also lead people to begin drinking or drink more than usual.
  • Alcohol consumption can have an impact not only on the incidence of diseases, injuries and other health conditions, but also on their outcomes and how these evolve over time.
  • If you are on any medications, talk to your health care provider about how alcohol may affect them.

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